Astrochemistry: February 2021

Abundances and partitioning of ices and gases produced by gas-grain chemistry are governed by adsorption and desorption on grains. Understanding astrophysical observations rely on laboratory measurements of adsorption and desorption rates on dust grains analogs.

Motivated by the development of high-dispersion spectrographs in the mid-infrared (MIR) range, we study their application to the atmospheric characterization of nearby non-transiting temperate terrestrial planets around M-type stars.

Data and results from the WISH key program are summarized, designed to provide a legacy data set to address its physics and chemistry.

Energetic processing of interstellar ice mantles and planetary atmospheres via photochemistry is a critical mechanism in the extraterrestrial synthesis of prebiotic molecules.