Extrasolar Planets

Generic Models for Disk-Resolved and Disk-Integrated Phase Dependent Linear Polarization of Light Reflected from Exoplanets

By Keith Cowing
astro-ph.EP
June 20, 2021
Filed under
Generic Models for Disk-Resolved and Disk-Integrated Phase Dependent Linear Polarization of Light Reflected from Exoplanets
The dayside (illuminated) and the night-side of a planet for different inclination angle (i) and different orbital phase (αorb). The corresponding phase angles (α) and the angles between the planetary scattering plane and the XZ-plane (β) are shown. The planetary scattering planes for different i and αorb are shown with dashed lines.

Similar to the case of solar system planets, reflected starlight from exoplanets is expected to be polarized due to atmospheric scattering and the net disk integrated polarization should be non-zero owing to the asymmetrical illumination of the planetary disk.

The computation of the disk-integrated reflected flux and its state of polarization involves techniques for the calculation of the local reflection matrices as well as the numerical recipes for integration over the planetary disks. In this paper, we present a novel approach to calculate the azimuth-dependent reflected intensity vectors at each location on the planetary disk divided into grids. We achieve this by solving the vector radiative transfer equations that describe linear polarization. Our calculations incorporate self-consistent atmospheric models of exoplanets over a wide range of equilibrium temperature, surface gravity, atmospheric composition, and cloud structure.

A comparison of the flux and the amount of polarization calculated by considering both single and multiple scattering exhibits the effect of depolarization due to multiple scattering of light depending on the scattering albedo of the atmosphere. We have benchmarked our basic calculations against some of the existing models. We have also presented our models for the hot Jupiter HD 189733 b, indicating the level of precision required by future observations to detect the polarization of this planet in the optical and near-infrared wavelength region. The generic nature and the accuracy offered by our models make them an effective tool for modeling the future observations of the polarized light reflected from exoplanets.

Aritra Chakrabarty, Sujan Sengupta

Comments: 24 pages, 17 figures. Accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as: arXiv:2106.09434 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2106.09434v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Aritra Chakrabarty
[v1] Thu, 17 Jun 2021 12:34:15 UTC (1,211 KB)
https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.09434
Astrobiology

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