Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, The Anomalous Microwave Emission, And Their Connection To The Cold Neutral Medium

Using new large area maps of the cold neutral medium (CNM) fraction, fCNM, we investigate the relationship between the CNM, the abundance of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and the anomalous microwave emission (AME).

We first present our fCNM map based on full-sky HI4PI data, using a convolutional neural network to covert the spectroscopic HI data to fCNM. We demonstrate that fCNM is strongly correlated with the fraction of dust in PAHs as estimated from mid- and far-infrared dust emission. In contrast, we find no correlation between fCNM and the amount of AME per dust emission, nor between fCNM and the AME peak frequency. These results suggest PAHs preferentially reside in cold, relatively dense gas, perhaps owing to enhanced destruction in more diffuse media.

The lack of correlation between fCNM and AME peak frequency is in tension with expectations from theoretical models positing different spectral energy distributions of AME in the cold versus warm neutral medium. We suggest that different PAH abundances and emission physics in different interstellar environments may explain the weaker than expected correlation between 12μm PAH emission and AME even if PAHs are the AME carriers.

Brandon S. Hensley, Claire E. Murray, Mark Dodici

Comments: Submitted to ApJ. 12 pages, 4 figures, comments welcome
Subjects: Astrophysics of Galaxies (astro-ph.GA)
Cite as: arXiv:2111.03067 [astro-ph.GA] (or arXiv:2111.03067v1 [astro-ph.GA] for this version)
Submission history
From: Brandon Hensley
[v1] Thu, 4 Nov 2021 18:00:00 UTC (2,218 KB)
Astrobiology, Astrochemistry,

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