SETI & Technosignatures

The Most Sensitive SETI Observations Toward Barnard’s Star With FAST

By Keith Cowing
Status Report
September 28, 2023
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The Most Sensitive SETI Observations Toward Barnard’s Star With FAST
Histograms of hits and events for XX as functions of frequency, drift rate and S/N. Frequency bands of catalogued interference sources are displayed on the frequency panel. The blue bars show the distributions of the hits detected by all 19 beams. The orange bars show the distributions of the events detected by Beam 1. — astro-ph.SR

Search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) has been mainly focused on nearby stars and their planets in recent years. Barnard’s star is the second closest star system to the sun and the closest star in the FAST observable sky which makes the minimum Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) required for a hypothetical radio transmitter from Barnard’s star to be detected by FAST telescope a mere 4.36×10^8 W.

In this paper, we present the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) telescope as the most sensitive instrument for radio SETI observations toward nearby star systems and conduct a series of observations to Barnard’s star (GJ 699). By applying the multi-beam coincidence matching (MBCM) strategy on the FAST telescope, we search for narrow-band signals (~Hz) in the frequency range of 1.05-1.45 GHz, and two orthogonal linear polarization directions are recorded.

Despite finding no evidence of radio technosignatures in our series of observations, we have developed predictions regarding the hypothetical extraterrestrial intelligence (ETI) signal originating from Barnard’s star. These predictions are based on the star’s physical properties and our observation strategy.

Zhen-Zhao Tao, Bo-Lun Huang, Xiao-Hang Luan, Jian-Kang Li, Hai-Chen Zhao, Hong-Feng Wang, Tong-Jie Zhang

Comments: 10 pages, 5 figures. Accepted for publication in AJ. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:2208.02421
Subjects: Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as: arXiv:2309.15377 [astro-ph.IM] (or arXiv:2309.15377v1 [astro-ph.IM] for this version)
Submission history
From: Zhenzhao Tao
[v1] Wed, 27 Sep 2023 03:13:26 UTC (14,623 KB)

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