Exoplanets & Exomoons

TESS Discovers A Super-Earth Orbiting The M Dwarf Star TOI-1680

By Keith Cowing
Status Report
July 13, 2023
Filed under , , , , , , , , ,
TESS Discovers A Super-Earth Orbiting The M Dwarf Star TOI-1680
Target pixel files (TPFs) of TOI-1680 in TESS Sector 14 and 15, created with tpfplotter (Aller et al. 2020). The orange shaded region represents the aperture used to extract the SPOC photometry. The red circles are the Gaia DR2 sources. Sizes represent magnitude contrasts with respect to TOI-1680. Figure continued in Appendix A. — astro-ph.EP

We report the discovery by the TESS mission of a super-Earth on a 4.8-d orbit around an inactive M4.5 dwarf (TOI-1680) and its validation with ground-based facilities.

The host star is located 37.14 pc away, and it has a radius of 0.2100+/-0.0064 R_sun, a mass of 0.1800+/-0.0044 M_sun and an effective temperature of 3211+/-100 K. We validate and characterize the planet using TESS data, ground-based multi-wavelength photometry from TRAPPIST, SPECULOOS and LCO, and high-resolution AO observations from Keck/NIRC2 and Shane.

Our analyses determine the planet to have a radius of 1.466+0.063/-0.049 R_earth and an equilibrium temperature of 404+/-14 K, assuming no albedo and perfect heat redistribution. Assuming a mass based on mass-radius relationships, this planet is a promising target for atmospheric characterization with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).

M. Ghachoui, A. Soubkiou, R.D. Wells, B.V. Rackham, A. H.M.J. Triaud, D. Sebastian, S. Giacalone, K.G. Stassun, D.R. Ciardi, K.A. Collins, A. Liu, Y. Gómez Maqueo Chew, M. Gillon, Z. Benkhaldoun, L. Delrez, J.D. Eastman, O. Demangeon, K. Barkaoui, A. Burdanov, B.-O. Demory, J. de Wit, G. Dransfield, E. Ducrot, L. Garcia, Y. Gómez Maqueo Chew, M.A. Gómez-Muñoz, M.J. Hooton, E. Jehin, C.A. Murray, P.P. Pedersen, F.J. Pozuelos, D. Queloz, L. Sabin, N. Schanche, M. Timmermans, E.J. Gonzales, C.D. Dressing, C. Aganze, A.J. Burgasser, R. Gerasimov, C. Hsu, C.A. Theissen, D. Charbonneau, J.M. Jenkins, D.W. Latham, G. Ricker, S. Seager, A. Shporer, J.D. Twicken, R. Vanderspek, J.N. Winn, K.I. Collins, A. Fukui, T. Gan, N. Narita, R.P. Schwarz

Comments: Accepted in A&A
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:2307.05368 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2307.05368v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Mourad Ghachoui
[v1] Tue, 11 Jul 2023 15:47:34 UTC (7,868 KB)

Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻