Exoplanets & Exomoons

Characterization Of An Instrument Model For Exoplanet Transit Spectrum Estimation through Wide Scale Analysis on HST Data

By Keith Cowing
November 16, 2021
Filed under
Characterization Of An Instrument Model For Exoplanet Transit Spectrum Estimation through Wide Scale Analysis on HST Data
Top: Distribution of the delay and τ parameters across the three instruments. Bottom: Residuals of the previous naive starting value compared to the new single parameter starting value estimator.

Instrument models (IMs) enable the reduction of systematic error in transit spectroscopy light curve data, but, since the model formulation can influence the estimation of science model parameters, characterization of the instrument model effects is crucial to the interpretation of the reduced data.

We analyze a simple instrument model and assess its validity and performance across Hubble WFC3 and STIS instruments. Over a large, n=63, sample of observed targets, an MCMC sampler computes the parent distribution of each instrument model parameter. Possible parent distribution functions are then fit and tested against the empirical IM distribution. Correlation and other analyses are then performed to find IM relationships. The model is shown to perform well across the 2 instruments and 3 filters analyzed and, further, the Student’s t-distribution is shown to closely fit the empirical parent distribution of IM parameters and the Gaussian is shown to poorly model the observed distribution.

This parent distribution can be used in the MCMC prior fitting and demonstrates IM consistency for wide scale atmospheric analysis using this model. Finally, we propose a simple metric based on light curve residuals to determine model performance, and we demonstrate its ability to determine whether a derived spectrum under this IM is high quality and robust.

Noah Huber-Feely, Mark R. Swain, Gael Roudier, Raissa Estrela

Comments: 19 pages, 14 figures, accepted for publication in Astronomical Journal
Subjects: Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM); Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:2111.07214 [astro-ph.IM] (or arXiv:2111.07214v1 [astro-ph.IM] for this version)
Submission history
From: Noah Huber-Feely
[v1] Sun, 14 Nov 2021 01:11:51 UTC (626 KB)

Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻