Habitable Zones & Global Climate

Circumbinary Habitable Zones In The Presence Of A Giant Planet

By Keith Cowing
astro-ph.EP
March 17, 2021
Filed under
Circumbinary Habitable Zones In The Presence Of A Giant Planet
Dynamically informed habitable zones for the Kepler-16, Kepler-34 and Kepler-35 systems. Plots in the left column show the different types of habitable zones without the presence of the known giant planets. The right column includes the influence of the known giant planets. Red colored regions correspond to uninhabitable areas, blue, green, yellow and purple colors denote the PHZ, the EHZ, the AHZ, and unstable areas according to [20] stability criterion, respectively. Violet colored areas mark regions of dynamical instability caused by the giant planet in the system ([33] dynamical stability criterion). The vertical black lines denote the classical habitable zone limits, while the horizontal white line in the left column plots marks the current eccentricity of the binary star orbit. In the right column graphs, the white line marks the current eccentricity of the giant planet orbit. Finally, the black dot in the right column plots shows the position of the giant planet in the presented parameter space.

Determining habitable zones in binary star systems can be a challenging task due to the combination of perturbed planetary orbits and varying stellar irradiation conditions.

The concept of “dynamically informed habitable zones” allows us, nevertheless, to make predictions on where to look for habitable worlds in such complex environments. Dynamically informed habitable zones have been used in the past to investigate the habitability of circumstellar planets in binary systems and Earth-like analogs in systems with giant planets.

Here, we extend the concept to potentially habitable worlds on circumbinary orbits. We show that habitable zone borders can be found analytically even when another giant planet is present in the system. By applying this methodology to Kepler-16, Kepler-34, Kepler-35, Kepler-38, Kepler-64, Kepler-413, Kepler-453, Kepler-1647 and Kepler-1661 we demonstrate that the presence of the known giant planets in the majority of those systems does not preclude the existence of potentially habitable worlds.

Among the investigated systems Kepler-35, Kepler-38 and Kepler-64 currently seem to offer the most benign environment. In contrast, Kepler-16 and Kepler-1647 are unlikely to host habitable worlds.

Nikolaos Georgakarakos, Siegfried Eggl, Dobbs-Dixon

Comments: Accepted for publication in Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:2103.09201 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2103.09201v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Nikolaos Georgakarakos Ph.D.
[v1] Tue, 16 Mar 2021 17:13:18 UTC (3,963 KB)
https://arxiv.org/abs/2103.09201
Astrobiology

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