Could Cirrus Clouds Have Warmed Early Mars?

By Keith Cowing
Press Release
August 15, 2016
Filed under
Could Cirrus Clouds Have Warmed Early Mars?

The presence of the ancient valley networks on Mars indicates that the climate at 3.8 Ga was warm enough to allow substantial liquid water to flow on the martian surface for extended periods of time. However, the mechanism for producing this warming continues to be debated.

One hypothesis is that Mars could have been kept warm by global cirrus cloud decks in a CO2-H2O atmosphere containing at least 0.25 bar of CO2 (Urata and Toon, 2013). Initial warming from some other process, e.g., impacts, would be required to make this model work. Those results were generated using the CAM 3-D global climate model. Here, we use a single-column radiative-convective climate model to further investigate the cirrus cloud warming hypothesis.

Our calculations indicate that cirrus cloud decks could have produced global mean surface temperatures above freezing, but only if cirrus cloud cover approaches ~75 – 100% and if other cloud properties (e.g., height, optical depth, particle size) are chosen favorably. However, at more realistic cirrus cloud fractions, or if cloud parameters are not optimal, cirrus clouds do not provide the necessary warming, suggesting that other greenhouse mechanisms are needed.

Ramses M. Ramirez, James F. Kasting
(Submitted on 12 Aug 2016)

Comments: Accepted for publication in Icarus (33 pages, 12 figures, 8 Tables)
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:1608.03891 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1608.03891v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Ramses Ramirez
[v1] Fri, 12 Aug 2016 19:59:17 GMT (3119kb)

Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻