Biosignatures & Paleobiology

Nonphotosynthetic Pigments as Potential Biosignatures

By Keith Cowing
Press Release
May 19, 2015
Filed under
Nonphotosynthetic Pigments as Potential Biosignatures

Previous work on possible surface reflectance biosignatures for Earth-like planets has typically focused on analogues to spectral features produced by photosynthetic organisms on Earth, such as the vegetation red edge.

Although oxygenic photosynthesis, facilitated by pigments evolved to capture photons, is the dominant metabolism on our planet, pigmentation has evolved for multiple purposes to adapt organisms to their environment. We present an interdisciplinary study of the diversity and detectability of nonphotosynthetic pigments as biosignatures, which includes a description of environments that host nonphotosynthetic biologically pigmented surfaces, and a lab-based experimental analysis of the spectral and broadband color diversity of pigmented organisms on Earth.

We test the utility of broadband color to distinguish between Earth-like planets with significant coverage of nonphotosynthetic pigments and those with photosynthetic or nonbiological surfaces, using both 1-D and 3-D spectral models. We demonstrate that, given sufficient surface coverage, nonphotosynthetic pigments could significantly impact the disk-averaged spectrum of a planet. However, we find that due to the possible diversity of organisms and environments, and the confounding effects of the atmosphere and clouds, determination of substantial coverage by biologically produced pigments would be difficult with broadband colors alone and would likely require spectrally resolved data.

Edward W. Schwieterman, Charles S. Cockell, Victoria S. Meadows (Submitted on 18 May 2015)

Comments: 21 pages, 12 figures, 5 tables. Full, published article
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Journal reference: Astrobiology 15(5): 341-361 (2015)
DOI: 10.1089/ast.2014.1178
Cite as: arXiv:1505.04752 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1505.04752v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Edward Schwieterman
[v1] Mon, 18 May 2015 18:36:12 GMT (1395kb)

Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻