Stellar Parameters and Chemical Abundances of 223 Evolved Stars With and Without Planets

By Keith Cowing
October 24, 2014
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Stellar Parameters and Chemical Abundances of 223 Evolved Stars With and Without Planets

We present fundamental stellar parameters and chemical abundances for a sample of 86 evolved stars with planets and for a control sample of 137 stars without planets.

The analysis was based on both high S/N and resolution echelle spectra. The goals of this work are i) to investigate chemical differences between stars with and without planets; ii) to explore potential differences between the properties of the planets around giants and subgiants; and iii) to search for possible correlations between these properties and the chemical abundances of their host stars. In agreement with previous studies, we find that subgiants with planets are, on average, more metal-rich than subgiants without planets by ~ 0.16 dex. The [Fe/H] distribution of giants with planets is centered at slightly subsolar metallicities and there is no metallicity enhancement relative to the [Fe/H] distribution of giants without planets.

Furthermore, contrary to recent results, we do not find any clear difference between the metallicity distributions of stars with and without planets for giants with M > 1.5 Msun. With regard to the other chemical elements, the analysis of the [X/Fe] distributions shows differences between giants with and without planets for some elements, particularly V, Co, and Ba. Analyzing the planet properties, some interesting trends might be emerging: i) multi-planet systems around evolved stars show a slight metallicity enhancement compared with single-planet systems; ii) planets with a ≲ 0.5 AU orbit subgiants with [Fe/H] > 0 and giants hosting planets with a ≲ 1 AU have [Fe/H] < 0; iii) higher-mass planets tend to orbit more metal-poor giants with M < 1.5 Msun, whereas planets around subgiants seem to follow the planet-mass metallicity trend observed on dwarf hosts; iv) planets orbiting giants show lower orbital eccentricities than those orbiting subgiants and dwarfs. E. Jofré, R. Petrucci, C. Saffe, L. Saker, E. Artur de la Villarmois, C. Chavero, M. Gómez, P. Mauas (Submitted on 23 Oct 2014) Comments: 49 pages, 31 figures, Accepted for publication in A&A, abstract shortened Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR) Cite as: arXiv:1410.6422 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1410.6422v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version) Submission history From: Emiliano Jofre [v1] Thu, 23 Oct 2014 17:21:59 GMT (514kb)

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