FLAMINGOS-2 Infrared Photometry of 2I/Borisov


Optical V-band (left) and infrared K-band (right) imaging of 2I/Borisov with North to the up and East to the left. The V-band imaging was taken with ALFOSC on-board the Nordic Optical Telescope on the night of November 23rd, 2019 UT, with 2× 300-second exposure (under NOT Fast-Track Service programme 59-419). The K-band imaging was taken with FLAMINGOS-2 on-board the Gemini South Telescope, with 20× 15-second exposure on the night of November 30th, 2019 UT (under Gemini Fast Turnaround program GS-2019B-FT-207). The optical imaging of 2I/Borisov significantly different from a point-source with the existence of an extended coma and tail, while the infrared imaging shows no apparent coma or tail and suggests a relative small nucleus.

2I/Borisov is the second interstellar object (ISO) after 'Oumuamua (Meech et al. 2017), but differs from 'Oumuamua drastically with its extensive cometary activity. A key ingredient to understand the nature of this comet is its size.

However, due to its cometary activity and extended coma in the optical, only rough estimates and upper limits can be made for 2I/Borisov, ranging in a wide spread from 0.7 to 3.8 km (Guzik et al. 2019; Fitzsimmons et al. 2019; Jewitt, & Luu 2019; Bolin et al. 2019). It has been shown that observations at longer wavelengths (i.e. infrared) are less susceptible to the effects of coma, and can provide a better estimate of the size of the comet nucleus (see, e.g., Fernández et al. 2013; Bauer et al. 2017).

Here we present an estimate of the nucleus of 2I/Borisov from infrared observations by FLAMINGOS-2 on-board the Gemini South telescope (under Fast Turnaround program GS-2019B-FT-207), and infer a comet nucleus size of 1.5 km, comparable to but more stringent than the estimate from Keck AO imaging by Bolin et al. (2019).

Chien-Hsiu Lee (NSF's OIR Lab), Hsing-Wen Lin (University of Michigan), Ying-Tung Chen (ASIAA), Sheng-Feng Yen (ASIAA)
(Submitted on 11 Dec 2019)

Comments: 3 pages, 1 figure
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Journal reference: RNAAS, 2019, 3, 12
DOI: 10.3847/2515-5172/ab5f69
Cite as: arXiv:1912.05628 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1912.05628v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Chien-Hsiu Lee Dr.
[v1] Wed, 11 Dec 2019 21:08:27 UTC (1,355 KB)
https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.05628
Astrobiology, Astrochemistry

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