Astronomy & Telescopes

The TEMPO Survey II: Science Cases Leveraged from a Proposed 30-Day Time Domain Survey of the Orion Nebula with the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope

By Keith Cowing
Status Report
June 12, 2024
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The TEMPO Survey II: Science Cases Leveraged from a Proposed 30-Day Time Domain Survey of the Orion Nebula with the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope
Illustration of the proposed TEMPO survey’s field of view, focusing on the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC) which has an age range of 1–3 Myr. The ONC is a region of intense star formation and offers a valuable window into the early stages of stellar and planetary evolution. Credit: ESO/H. Drass et al. — astro-ph.EP

The TEMPO (Transiting Exosatellites, Moons, and Planets in Orion) Survey is a proposed 30-day observational campaign using the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope.

By providing deep, high-resolution, short-cadence infrared photometry of a dynamic star-forming region, TEMPO will investigate the demographics of exosatellites orbiting free-floating planets and brown dwarfs — a largely unexplored discovery space. Here, we present the simulated detection yields of three populations: extrasolar moon analogs orbiting free-floating planets, exosatellites orbiting brown dwarfs, and exoplanets orbiting young stars.

Additionally, we outline a comprehensive range of anticipated scientific outcomes accompanying such a survey. These science drivers include: obtaining observational constraints to test prevailing theories of moon, planet, and star formation; directly detecting widely separated exoplanets orbiting young stars; investigating the variability of young stars and brown dwarfs; constraining the low-mass end of the stellar initial mass function; constructing the distribution of dust in the Orion Nebula and mapping evolution in the near-infrared extinction law; mapping emission features that trace the shocked gas in the region; constructing a dynamical map of Orion members using proper motions; and searching for extragalactic sources and transients via deep extragalactic observations reaching a limiting magnitude of mAB=29.7\,mag (F146 filter).

Melinda Soares-Furtado, Mary Anne Limbach, Andrew Vanderburg, John Bally, Juliette Becker, Anna L. Rosen, Luke G. Bouma, Johanna M. Vos, Steve B. Howell, Thomas G. Beatty, William M. J. Best, Anne Marie Cody, Adam Distler, Elena D’Onghia, René Heller, Brandon S. Hensley, Natalie R. Hinkel, Brian Jackson, Marina Kounkel, Adam Kraus, Andrew W. Mann, Nicholas T. Marston, Massimo Robberto, Joseph E. Rodriguez, Jason H. Steffen, Johanna K. Teske, Richard Townsend, Ricardo Yarza, Allison Youngblood

Comments: 15 pages, 6 figures, submitted to OJAp
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as: arXiv:2406.01492 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2406.01492v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
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Submission history
From: Melinda Soares-Furtado
[v1] Mon, 3 Jun 2024 16:18:43 UTC (14,671 KB)

Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻