Formation Of The TRAPPIST-1 System In A Dry Protoplanetary Disk

By Keith Cowing
Status Report
January 30, 2024
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Formation Of The TRAPPIST-1 System In A Dry Protoplanetary Disk
TRAPPIST-1 Planets

A key feature of the Trappist-1 system is its monotonic decrease in bulk density with growing distance from the central star, which indicates an ice mass fraction that is zero in the innermost planets, b and c, and about 10\% in planets d through h.

Previous studies suggest that the density gradient of this system could be due to the growth of planets from icy planetesimals that progressively lost their volatile content during their inward drift through the protoplanetary disk. Here we investigate the alternative possibility that the planets formed in a dry protoplanetary disk populated with pebbles made of phyllosilicates, a class of hydrated minerals with a water fraction possibly exceeding 10 wt\%.

We show that the dehydration of these minerals in the inner regions of the disk and the outward diffusion of the released vapor up to the ice-line location allow the condensation of ice onto grains. Pebbles with water mass fractions consistent with those of planets d–h would have formed at the snow-line location. In contrast, planets b and c would have been accreted from drier material in regions closer to the star than the phyllosilicate dehydration line.

Antoine Schneeberger, Olivier Mousis, Magali Deleuil, Jonathan I. Lunine

Comments: 6 pages, 4 figures, Accepted in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:2401.15981 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2401.15981v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Antoine Schneeberger
[v1] Mon, 29 Jan 2024 09:09:29 UTC (209 KB)

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