Shocking Sgr B2(N1) With Its Own Outflow: A New Perspective On Segregation Between O- and N-bearing Molecules

By Keith Cowing
Status Report
October 21, 2023
Filed under , , , , , , , ,
Shocking Sgr B2(N1) With Its Own Outflow: A New Perspective On Segregation Between O- and N-bearing Molecules
Continuum emission at 99 GHz in grey scale overlaid by contours of SO J = 23 − 12 at 99.3 GHz (top) and SiO J = 2 − 1 at 86.85 GHz (bottom) integrated intensities. The inner integration limits vary such that channels that contain deep absorption are excluded. The outer integration limits are fixed at 15 and 115 km s−1 for blue- and red-shifted SO emission, respectively, and 5 and 130 km s−1 for blue- and red-shifted SiO emission, respectively (see also Fig. 3). The blue and red contours start at 5σ and then increase by a factor of 2, where σ = 10.5 (SO, blue), 10.8 (SO, red), 4.5 (SiO, blue), and 5.8 K km s−1 (SiO, red) and corresponds to an average noise level that was measured in the respective map. The black contour indicates the 3σ level of the continuum emission (see Fig. 1). Based on the SO maps, we identify collimated features possibly tracing outflow axes that are shown as solid and dashed black arrows and labelled aB1, aR1, and aR2. The markers are the same as in Fig. 1. In addition to N2, the hot core N3 identified by Bonfand et al. (2017) is marked with a cyan tetragon. Blue and pink star markers indicate H2O maser spots (McGrath et al. 2004) with blue- and red-shifted velocities, respectively, with respect to 3sys ≡ 62 km s−1 . The HPBW is shown in the bottom-right corner of each panel. The position offsets are given with respect to the ReMoCA phase centre (black cross). The maps are not corrected for primary beam attenuation. — astro-ph.GA

We want to investigate the influence of the powerful outflow driven by the hot core Sgr B2(N1) on the gas molecular inventory of the surrounding medium.

We used the data taken as part of the 3 mm imaging spectral-line survey ReMoCA (Re-exploring Molecular Complexity with ALMA). Integrated intensity maps of SO and SiO emission reveal a bipolar structure with blue-shifted emission dominantly extending to the SE from the centre of the hot core and red-shifted emission to the NW.

This is also prominently observed in emission of other S-bearing molecules and species that only contain N as a heavy element, including COMs, but also CH3OH, CH3CHO, HNCO, and NH2CHO. For a selection of COMs and simpler species, spectra were modelled under the assumption of LTE and population diagrams were derived at two positions, one in each outflow lobe. From this analysis, we obtained rotational temperatures, which are in a range of ~100-200K, and column densities. Abundances were subsequently compared to predictions of astrochemical models and to observations of L1157-B1, a position located in the well-studied outflow of the low-mass protostar L1157, and the source G+0.693-0.027, located in the Sgr B2 molecular cloud complex.

Given the short distance of the analysed outflow positions to the centre of Sgr B2(N1), we propose a scenario in which a phase of hot-core chemistry (i.e. thermal desorption of ice species and high-temperature gas-phase chemistry) preceded a shock wave. The subsequent compression and further heating of the material resulted in the accelerated destruction of (mainly O-bearing) molecules. Gas-phase formation of cyanides seems to be able to compete with their destruction in the post-shock gas. Abundances of HCnN (n=3,5) are enhanced in the outflow component pointing to (additional) gas-phase formation. To confirm such a scenario, appropriate chemical shock models need to be run.

Laura A. Busch, Arnaud Belloche, Robin T. Garrod, Holger S. P. Mueller, Karl M. Menten

Comments: Accepted for publication in A&A
Subjects: Astrophysics of Galaxies (astro-ph.GA)
Cite as: arXiv:2310.11339 [astro-ph.GA] (or arXiv:2310.11339v1 [astro-ph.GA] for this version)
Focus to learn more
Submission history
From: Laura Ann Busch
[v1] Tue, 17 Oct 2023 15:20:00 UTC (8,342 KB)
Astrobiology, Astrochemistry,

Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻