Atmospheres & Climate

An Extensively Validated C/H/O/N Chemical Network For Hot Exoplanet Disequilibrium Chemistry

By Keith Cowing
Status Report
October 13, 2023
Filed under , , , , , , , , , , , ,
An Extensively Validated C/H/O/N Chemical Network For Hot Exoplanet Disequilibrium Chemistry
Abundance profiles of GJ 436 b for solar metallicity and a constant eddy diffusion coefficient of 109 cm2 s −1 . Dashed lines are for V20, while solid lines are for V23. H2 is not shown to focus on other species, but its abundance profile in V23 is almost identical to V20. astro-ph.EP

We aimed to build a new and updated C0-C2 chemical network to study the CHON disequilibrium chemistry of warm and hot exoplanet atmospheres that relies on extensively validated and recent state-of-the-art combustion networks.

The reliability range of this network was aimed for conditions between 500 – 2500 K and 100 – 10^-6 bar. We compared the predictions of seven networks over a large set of experiments, covering a wide range of conditions (pressures, temperatures, and initial compositions).

To examine the consequences of this new chemical network on exoplanets atmospheric studies, we generated abundances profiles for GJ 436 b, GJ 1214 b, HD 189733 b, and HD 209458 b, using the 1D kinetic model FRECKLL and calculated the corresponding transmission spectra using TauREx 3.1.

These spectra and abundance profiles have been compared with results obtained with our previous chemical network. Our new kinetic network is composed of 174 species and 1293 reactions mostly reversible.

This network proves to be more accurate than our previous one for the tested experimental conditions. The nitrogen chemistry update is found to be impactful on the abundance profiles, particularly for HCN, with differences up to four orders of magnitude. The CO2 profiles are also significantly affected, with important repercussions on the transmission spectrum of GJ 436 b.

These effects highlight the importance of using extensively validated chemical networks to gain confidence in our models predictions. As shown with CH2NH, the coupling between carbon and nitrogen chemistry combined with radicals produced by photolysis can have huge effects impacting the transmission spectra.

R. Veillet, O. Venot, B. Sirjean, R. Bounaceur, P-A. Glaude, A. Al-Refaie, E. Hébrard

Comments: 26 pages, 33 figures. Accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics (; Chemical Physics (physics.chem-ph)
Cite as: arXiv:2310.08561 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2310.08561v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Roméo Veillet
[v1] Thu, 12 Oct 2023 17:51:59 UTC (6,831 KB)
Astrobiology, Astrochemistry

Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻