Enceladus

Detection Of HCN And Diverse Redox Chemistry In The Plume Of Enceladus

By Keith Cowing
Status Report
astro-ph.EP
January 15, 2023
Filed under , , , , , ,
Detection Of HCN And Diverse Redox Chemistry In The Plume Of Enceladus
New compounds identified in the Enceladus plume indicate a potentially habitable environment. (a) Jets emanating from ice fissures in Enceladus’ South Polar Terrain feed a plume of ejected material containing organic molecules with varying oxidation states. Electron bombardment of the surface might help facilitate the production of oxidants and prebiotic feedstock molecules observed in the plume. These compounds could potentially support biologically-mediated redox metabolisms or polymerize to form nucleic and amino acid precursors leading to the origin of life. (b) The average oxidation state of carbon for organic compounds confirmed or suspected in the plume. Plume-derived H2 and O2 could act as strong reducing and oxidizing agents, respectively, and may be responsible for the diverse redox chemistry seen at Enceladus. — astro-ph.EP

The Cassini spacecraft discovered that Saturn’s moon Enceladus possesses a series of jets erupting from its South Polar Terrain.

Previous studies of in situ data collected by Cassini’s Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer (INMS) have identified H2O, CO2, CH4, H2, and NH3 within the plume of ejected material. Identification of minor species in the plume remains an ongoing challenge, owing to the large number of possible combinations that can be used to fit the INMS data.

Here, we present the discovery of several new compounds of strong importance to the habitability of Enceladus, including HCN, CH2O, C2H2, and C3H6. Our analyses of the low velocity INMS data coupled with our detailed statistical framework enable discriminating between previously ambiguous species in the plume by alleviating the effects of high-dimensional model fitting.

Together with plausible mineralogical catalysts and redox gradients derived from surface radiolysis, these compounds could potentially support extant microbial communities or drive complex organic synthesis leading to the origin of life.

Jonah S. Peter, Tom A. Nordheim, Kevin P. Hand

Comments: 20 pages, 8 figures
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:2301.05259 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2301.05259v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2301.05259
Focus to learn more
Submission history
From: Jonah Peter
[v1] Thu, 12 Jan 2023 19:12:49 UTC (1,373 KB)
https://arxiv.org/abs/2301.05259
Astrobiology, Astrochemistry

SpaceRef co-founder, Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA, Away Teams, Journalist, Space & Astrobiology, Lapsed climber.