- Press Release
- September 28, 2022
Contribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Ionization To Neutral Gas Heating In Galaxies
The ionization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), by ultraviolet (UV) photons from massive stars is expected to account for a large fraction of the heating of neutral gas in galaxies.
Evaluation of this proposal, however, has been limited by our ability to directly compare observational diagnostics to the results of a molecular model describing PAH ionization. The objective of this article is to take advantage of the most recent values of molecular parameters derived from laboratory experiments and quantum chemical calculations on PAHs and provide a detailed comparison between modeled values and observational diagnostics for the PAH charge state and the heating efficiency for PAHs.
Despite the use of a simple analytical model, we obtain a good agreement between model results and observational diagnostics over a wide range of radiation fields and physical conditions, in environments such as star-forming regions, galaxies, and protoplanetary disks. In addition, we found that the modeled photoelectric heating rates by PAHs are close to the observed cooling rates given by the gas emission.
ronments. The results of our photoelectric heating model by PAHs can thus be used to assess the contribution of UV radiative heating in galaxies (vs shocks, for instance). We provide the empirical formulas fitted to the model results, and the full python code itself, to calculate the heating rates and heating efficiencies for PAHs.
O. Berné, S. Foschino, F. Jalabert, C. Joblin
Comments: Accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Subjects: Astrophysics of Galaxies (astro-ph.GA)
Cite as: arXiv:2208.08762 [astro-ph.GA] (or arXiv:2208.08762v1 [astro-ph.GA] for this version)
Focus to learn more
From: Olivier Berne
[v1] Thu, 18 Aug 2022 10:45:00 UTC (2,255 KB)
Full Paper https://arxiv.org/abs/2208.08762