Exoplanets & Exomoons

HADES RV Programme With HARPS-N aAt TNG XII. The Abundance Signature Of M Dwarf Stars With Planets

By Keith Cowing
October 28, 2020
Filed under
HADES RV Programme With HARPS-N aAt TNG XII. The Abundance Signature Of M Dwarf Stars With Planets
Luminosity versus Teff diagram for the stars analysed. Stars with gas-giant planets are shown with red filled circles, while low-mass planet hosts are shown with blue filled circles. Stars harbouring simultaneously gas-giant and low-mass planets are shown with green stars. A 5 Gyr isochrone from Spada et al. (2013) is also shown for comparison.

Most of our current knowledge on planet formation is still based on the analysis of main-sequence, solar-type stars.

Conversely, detailed chemical studies of large samples of M-dwarf planet hosts are still missing. We develop for the first time a methodology to determine stellar abundances of elements others than iron for M dwarf stars from high-resolution, optical spectra.

Our methodology is based on the use of principal component analysis and sparse Bayesian’s methods. We made use of a set of M dwarfs orbiting around an FGK primary with known abundances to train our methods. We applied our methods to derive stellar metalliticies and abundances of a large sample of M dwarfs observed within the framework of current radial velocity surveys.

We then used a sample of nearby FGK stars to cross-validate our technique by comparing the derived abundance trends in the M dwarf sample with those found on the FGK stars. The metallicity distribution of the different subsamples shows that M dwarfs hosting giant planets show a planet-metallicity correlation as well as a correlation with the stellar mass. M dwarfs hosting low-mass planets do not seem to follow the planet-metallicity correlation.

We also found that the frequency of low-mass planets does not depend on the mass of the stellar host. These results seem in agreement with previous works. However, we note that for giant planet hosts our metallicities predict a weaker planet metallicity correlation but a stronger mass-dependency than photometric values.

We show, for the first time, that there seems to be no differences in the abundance distribution of elements different from iron between M dwarfs with and without known planets. Our data shows that low-mass stars with planets follow the same metallicity, mass, and abundance trends than their FGK counterparts.

J. Maldonado, G. Micela, M. Baratella, V. D’Orazi, L. Affer, K. Biazzo, A. F. Lanza, A. Maggio, J. I. González Hernández, M. Perger, M. Pinamonti, G. Scandariato, A. Sozzetti, D. Locci, C. Di Maio, A. Bignamini, R. Claudi, E. Molinari, R. Rebolo, I. Ribas, B. Toledo-Padrón, E. Covino, S. Desidera, E. Herrero, J. C. Morales, A. Suárez-Mascareño, I. Pagano, A. Petralia, G. Piotto, E. Poretti

Comments: Accepted for publication by Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR); Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:2010.14867 [astro-ph.SR] (or arXiv:2010.14867v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)
Submission history
From: Jesus Maldonado
[v1] Wed, 28 Oct 2020 10:25:29 UTC (1,074 KB)


Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻