Census of Complex Organic Molecules in Solar Type Protostar IRAS16293-2422

By Keith Cowing
June 29, 2014
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Census of Complex Organic Molecules in Solar Type Protostar IRAS16293-2422

Complex Organic Molecules (COMs) are considered crucial molecules, since they are connected with organic chemistry, at the basis of the terrestrial life.

More pragmatically, they are molecules in principle difficult to synthetize in the harsh interstellar environments and, therefore, a crucial test for astrochemical models. Current models assume that several COMs are synthesised on the lukewarm grain surfaces ( 30-40 K), and released in the gas phase at dust temperatures 100 K. However, recent detections of COMs in 20 K gas demonstrate that we still need important pieces to complete the puzzle of the COMs formation. We present here a complete census of the oxygen and nitrogen bearing COMs, previously detected in different ISM regions, towards the solar type protostar IRAS16293-2422.

The census was obtained from the millimeter-submillimeter unbiased spectral survey TIMASSS. Six COMs, out of the 29 searched for, were detected: methyl cyanide, ketene, acetaldehyde, formamide, dimethyl ether, and methyl formate. The multifrequency analysis of the last five COMs provides clear evidence that they are present in the cold ( 30 K) envelope of IRAS16293-2422, with abundances 0.03-2 10 10 . Our data do not allow to support the hypothesis that the COMs abundance increases with increasing dust temperature in the cold envelope, as expected if COMs were predominately formed on the lukewarm grain surfaces.

Finally, when considering also other ISM sources, we find a strong correlation over five orders of magnitude, between the methyl formate and dimethyl ether and methyl formate and formamide abundances, which may point to a link between these two couples of species, in cold and warm gas.

Ali A. Jaber, C. Ceccarelli, C. Kahane, E. Caux (Submitted on 27 Jun 2014)

Subjects: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)

Cite as: arXiv:1406.7195 [astro-ph.SR] (or arXiv:1406.7195v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)

Submission history From: Ali Al-Edhari [view email] [v1] Fri, 27 Jun 2014 14:31:52 GMT (242kb,D)

Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA Space Station Payload manager/space biologist, Away Teams, Journalist, Lapsed climber, Synaesthete, Na’Vi-Jedi-Freman-Buddhist-mix, ASL, Devon Island and Everest Base Camp veteran, (he/him) 🖖🏻