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Oceanic Research: December 2013


Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria. They can withstand heat, high salinity, low oxygen, utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms.

In November and December 2012 the Hubble Space Telescope maged Europa's ultraviolet emissions in the search for vapor plume activity.

Earth's volatile elements (H, C, and N) are essential to maintaining habitable conditions for metazoans and simpler life forms.