Habitable Zones & Global Climate: July 2019

We present a three-species multi-fluid MHD model (H+, O+ and e−), endowed with the requisite upper atmospheric chemistry, that is capable of accurately quantifying the magnitude of oxygen ion losses from "Earth-like" exoplanets in habitable zones, whose magnetic and rotational axes are roughly coincidental with one another.

Terrestrial planets covered globally with thick oceans (termed ocean planets) in the habitable zone were previously inferred to have extremely hot climates in most cases.