Amino Acid Chiral Selection Via Weak Interactions in Stellar Environments: Implications for the Origin of Life

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Isovaline

Magnetochiral phenomena may be responsible for the selection of chiral states of biomolecules in meteoric environments.

For example, the Supernova Amino Acid Processing (SNAAP) Model was proposed previously as a possible mode of magnetochiral selection of amino acids by way of the weak interaction in strong magnetic fields. In earlier work, this model was shown to produce an enantiomeric excess (ee) as high as 0.014% for alanine.

In this paper we present the results of molecular quantum chemistry calculations from which ees are determined for the alpha-amino acids plus isovaline and norvaline, which were found to have positive ees in meteorites. Calculations are performed for both isolated and aqueous states. In some cases, the aqueous state was found to produce larger ees reaching values as high as a few percent under plausible conditions.

M. A. Famiano, R.N. Boyd, T. Kajino, T. Onaka, Y. Mo
(Submitted on 18 Jun 2019)

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Chemical Physics (physics.chem-ph)
Journal reference: Scientific Reports 8, 8833 (2018)
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-27110-z
Cite as: arXiv:1906.08623 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1906.08623v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Michael Famiano
[v1] Tue, 18 Jun 2019 13:31:59 UTC (182 KB)
https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.08623
Astrobiology, Astrochemistry

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