Habitability in the Omega Centauri Cluster


Omega Centauri Cluster

The search for exoplanets has encompassed a broad range of stellar environments, from single stars in the solar neighborhood to multiple stars and various open clusters. The stellar environment has a profound effect on planet formation and stability evolution and is thus a key component of exoplanetary studies.

Dense stellar environments, such as those found in globular clusters, provide particularly strong constraints on sustainability of habitable planetary conditions. Here, we use Hubble Space Telescope observations of the core of the Omega Centauri cluster to derive fundamental parameters for the core stars. These parameters are used to calculate the extent of the Habitable Zone of the observed stars.

We describe the distribution of Habitable Zones in the cluster and compare them with the stellar density and expected stellar encounter rate and cluster dynamics. We thus determine the effect of the stellar environment within the Omega Centauri core on the habitability of planets that reside within the cluster. Our results show that the distribution of Habitable Zone outer boundaries generally lie within 0.5 AU of the host stars, but that this small cross-sectional area is counter-balanced by a relatively high rate of stellar close encounters that would disrupt planetary orbits within the Habitable Zone of typical Omega Centauri stars.

Stephen R. Kane, Sarah J. Deveny
(Submitted on 31 Jul 2018)

Comments: 7 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:1808.00053 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1808.00053v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Stephen Kane
[v1] Tue, 31 Jul 2018 20:00:20 GMT (877kb)

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