Hubble Search for Transit of the Earth-mass Exoplanet Alpha Centauri Bb

©ESO

Alpha Centauri Bb

Results from exoplanet surveys indicate that small planets (super-Earth size and below) are abundant in our Galaxy. However, little is known about their interiors and atmospheres.

There is therefore a need to find small planets transiting bright stars, which would enable a detailed characterisation of this population of objects. We present the results of a search for the transit of the Earth-mass exoplanet Alpha Centauri Bb with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST).

We observed Alpha Centauri B twice in 2013 and 2014 for a total of 40 hours. We achieve a precision of 115 ppm per 6-s exposure time in a highly-saturated regime, which is found to be consistent across HST orbits. We rule out the transiting nature of Alpha Centauri Bb with the orbital parameters published in the literature at 96.6% confidence.

We find in our data a single transit-like event that could be associated to another Earth-size planet in the system, on a longer period orbit. Our program demonstrates the ability of HST to obtain consistent, high-precision photometry of saturated stars over 26 hours of continuous observations.

Brice-Olivier Demory (Cavendish Laboratory), David Ehrenreich, Didier Queloz, Sara Seager, Ronald Gilliland, William J. Chaplin, Charles Proffitt, Michael Gillon, Maximilian N. Guenther, Bjoern Benneke, Xavier Dumusque, Christophe Lovis, Francesco Pepe, Damien Segransan, Amaury Triaud, Stephane Udry (Submitted on 25 Mar 2015)

Comments: Accepted to MNRAS on 25 March 2015. The manuscript includes 11 pages and 12 figures

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)

Cite as: arXiv:1503.07528 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1503.07528v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history From: Brice-Olivier Demory [v1] Wed, 25 Mar 2015 20:00:37 GMT (749kb) http://arxiv.org/abs/1503.07528

Earth-Mass Planet Found Orbiting Alpha Centauri B, ESO

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